There are a number of different ways to get information out, and a podcast is one of those ways. However, the podcast does need to be recorded, and that means it needs to be recorded from somewhere. The ideal is to set up a room where the podcast can be recorded, and setting up a podcasting room can be as simple or as complicated as the person wants. It can also be as temporary or as permanent as needed. However, a temporary location will be a lot less complicated; it does need to allow for the components to be quickly moved, after all, and so that needs to be allowed for. Nonetheless, it is relatively simple.
What Do You Need?
The computer does not need to be too complicated: It just needs to have an internet connection, the ability to record, and the ability to run sound editing software. It can be a desktop, a laptop, or even a tablet, as long as it meets those basic requirements. The internet connection needs to allow for uploads, but because it is sound it usually does not take that long to upload; it is unlikely that it would even interfere with streaming video. All this means is that the system requirements are relatively low, and that it is easy to set up a computer to deal with podcasts.
While some people see the chair as optional, bear in mind that you may be recording and mixing for hours; having a comfortable place to sit may not be a bad idea. The chair should also allow for some movement as well; some people like to stand while recording even as they sit while editing the podcast, and being able to move the chair facilitates that. A simple office chair is all that is required, but if you wish for something more sophisticated that can be allowed for as well, especially if you are worried about support. Just make sure that the chair is comfortable and it should do well.
The table should not be seen as merely optional. If you will be there for any amount of time, you will need something to sit your drinks or food on, and it is unlikely that you want to set a drink anywhere near you computer. A table can also be used to keep things organized, which is great for those who use notes, and can be used to spread notes out as much as you want to. While it may seem like it is just a piece of furniture that may take up space, it can nonetheless be used as a great way to keep organized as well as keep your food and drinks a safe distance away from your computer, and therefore allowing you to keep the recording going.
The microphone is a vital part of the whole. While a number of computers come with an onboard microphone, they are usually either relatively low quality or just do not sound as good as you want them to. Also, a microphone allows you to keep focused on recording and maintain quality, or at least consistency; since it forces you to keep a certain distance away from the computer it will sound the same throughout the recording. This applies just as much with a headset as with an actual microphone, although it can be sort of fun to hold the microphone or even slam it down every so often.
An important thing to keep in mind about the microphone: Regardless of whether you choose to go with a microphone or headset, the microphone will define the recording more than anything else. It is the one thing that you will think of when you record, and so its specifications matter. It is easy enough to find a microphone that can be muted, has great noise reduction, or a number of other advantages, but you need to find one that speaks to you. It may sound weird to hear that you will develop a relationship with an animate object, but that will happen so prepare for it.
Those are the basics, but there are other considerations. If you really want to get serious, then it may not be a bad idea to soundproof the podcasting studio. The cheapest way is to use a nail gun and egg cartons; just cover the walls in the egg cartons and you will notice a major difference in the lack of outside noise. If you do put this up, it would be advised that you do so in a closed room, one with no windows, for the best possible results. This is also the best possible way to set the mood; once you enter the room you have no choice but to focus on the podcast, thus enabling it to get done.
Does It Need To Be Temporary?
If you are looking for a set up that is easy to take down and move, then try to limit it to a laptop or tablet and a microphone; you will need to hope that you will find a chair or table, but they may not be important for your style of recording. If you really want an easy set up, you can use an actual digital recorder, which is a handheld device with or without the need for a microphone; it can be plugged into a computer to download the audio file for easy editing. However, you should find what works for you and your style; do that and it will actually be fun to record.
Setting up a podcasting room can be as simple or as complicated as you want, and it can be as permanent or as temporary as you need. You just need to find a computer, a microphone, a chair, and a table you like, and the rest will take care of itself. You just need to create an environment that you are comfortable with, and that alone will make recording so much more enjoyable.